Not all, but I've seen quite a few ultra-high-framerate "reality synchronization" videos, including these so far:
Lumipen: Mobile Dynamic Projection Mapping System Using a 3D-stacked Vision Chip
Microsoft Research 1000fps touchscreen
NVIDIA 1700Hz zero-lag display experiment
NVIDIA 16000Hz augumented reality experiment
We need extremely high framerates for synchronization between electronic image and real world. Whether augumented reality, projection mapping, or other synchronization between real images and virtual images. The simplified "Blur Busters Law" formula that I use for motion blur (from my 1000Hz Journey Artcile
1ms persistence = 1 pixel of motion blur per 1000 pixels/sec
Can be translated to physical units:
1ms differential = 1mm of disjoint per 1000mm/sec motion
If you're slowly waving a board at 1 meter per second, a 60Hz refresh rate plus other camera sensor delays and proccessing delays = 100ms processing (like during XBox360 Kinect), you are 100mm out-of-sync -- a full decimeter (4 inches out of sync!)
Now, you can increase camera sensor rate to reduce processing delays, and limit it to refresh rate delay (e.g. 1000fps camera for a 60Hz display), the processing could fall to pretty much 20ms. You're still 20mm out-of-sync - about an inch.
Now, do 1000fps display *and* 1000fps camera sensor, and minimize processing delay, e.g. 2ms, then now disjoint is only 2mm.
Now -- for augumented reality, head turning can be much faster than this, e.g. creating distant objects to move at an "apparent equivalent of over 10 meters/second or 100 meters/second horizontally across your vision") -- so augumented reality can be much more challenging to synchronize than projection mapping. A workaround is simply to use mixed reality instead (e.g. display virtual copies of camera images with the augumented reality graphics overlaid) -- e.g. cameras on VR headsets. That keeps virtual sync strong, and the latency differentials mostly unnoticeable (as long as sufficiently globally low).
Interesting Blur Busters themed topic.
(If anyone know other 1000fps-tracking feats, post the videos here in this thread!)